Jharkhand prepares for two major reforms as agency hires chief minister – Flying Journals

Jharkhand prepares for two major reforms as agency hires chief minister

Hemant Soren has been summoned by law enforcement.


When Jharkhand Chief Minister Hemant Soren finds himself at the crossroads of the Enforcement Agency, his party is fighting back politically by implementing two key promises it made during the 2019 state elections.

In a special session on Friday, the Jharkhand state assembly is expected to pass two landmark bills – one that uses 1932 land records to identify local residents, and another that combines employment and employment of other backward classes or OBCs. Educational reservations range from 14 to 27 percent.

The laws are considered so politically sensitive and popular that a cautious opposition is unlikely to oppose the bills, even if changes could be made to the domicile record policy.

To further suppress the BJP, which is accused of using central agencies such as the Enforcement Agency to target opponents, the state government has officially announced that, once the governor approves, the central government will take action to ensure the new quota system is not overturned by the courts.

Under the new booking policy, not only the OBC quota will be increased from 14 to 27%, but the quota of scheduled tribes will be increased from 26 to 28% and the quota of scheduled castes will be increased from 10 to 12%.

Combined with the 10% reservation of the so-called “upper caste” segment that was upheld by the Supreme Court this week as the Economically Weak Sector (EWS), the total reservation would rise to 77% – the highest in the country.

Residence records policy, on the other hand, has been a key requirement for the state’s tribal population – they say the last land survey conducted by the British government in 1932 was used as a basis for defining natives – and was approved by Jharkhand September government.

Once the Act becomes law, persons whose ancestors lived in the state before 1932 and whose names are included in the land records of that year will be considered local residents of Jharkhand.

The Gram Sabha will have the right to answer calls for the landless or those whose names were not recorded in the 1932 land survey.

The domicile policy has been controversial since Jharkhand was seceded from Bihar on 15 November 2000. The previous BJP government in the state declared 1985 in 2016 as the cut-off year for defining locals.

But after the JMM-led coalition came to power in the state in 2019, Jharkhand Muktimocha chief Shibu Soren declared that the shelter policy should be based on 1932 land records.

The two bills were introduced when the Enforcement Directorate subpoenaed Chief Minister Hermant Soren in a case related to alleged money laundering.

Mr Soren is also at risk of being disqualified from the MLA over a BJP complaint about awarding himself a mining lease while in office in 2021.

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